Um(u)-U-Um(u)-I-1/2. Chicheŵa with seventeen – Mchombo 2004; see also Katamba 2003). Nouns are grouped into noun classes based on the prefix they have, with each class having a number. The primary noun occurs mainly in the subject “slot” of a declarative sentence in Zulu.3 It also occurs less regularly in the object “slot”. A major, long-standing sporting event (dated) One learned in the literature of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; a student of classical literature. The examples in (2) illustrate that the relative concords in Zulu are the result of combining the subject prefix of the respective noun class with a relative morpheme whose underlying form is a-. In these examples, the object pronoun (in italics) is part of the verbal morphology and agrees with the noun class (gender) of the dislocate. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Following Anderson (1992), I analyse this kind of phrasal affixation as an inflectional process; the relative clause is a predicate, and the relative obhatata (sweet potato) 10 terms. Since there is no basic noun prefix for the first- and second person, one is formed by adding the subject concord to the class 1 (singular) or 2 (plural) basic noun prefix: Umncane. object concord. It contains some nouns which start with the prefix N-although several nouns in this class do not. emphatic/ absolute pronoun. tomatoes. Class 1a. Nouns. 15 terms. demonstrative pronoun. suffixal counterparts, with special reference to Zulu A mini dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Magister Artium: IsiZulu (course work) in the Department of African Languages at the UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA by LINKIE MOHLALA Supervisor: Prof R Gauton May 2003 . subject concord. into 3 classes, i.e. 1 um- replaces umu- before monosyllabic stems, e.g. Zulu (isiZulu) noun class reference chart. — You are small. Zulu: Noun Classes (Singular) 1/2. [verb + noun] unalo ubisi? 5 isi- and izi- replace is- and iz- res… But some nouns follow different patterns, such as 1/6 or 9/6. 1a/2a. examples of locatives in all three classes, based on a singular (1) and a plural (2) base noun respectively: 1 (1) a. pa-n-gándá b. kú-n-gándá c. mu-n-gándá . Class 2. ;�|v��x���YQ:X�.g�a�s�c�+�7�#�:��������^.l��Gr�A�Z��"�!��4v[����*�=ߊl Its an introduction to a culture. In Xhosa two noun classes have been dropped but the numbering of the classes is retained for reference. %PDF-1.5 prefix. 2 aba- and imi- replace ab- and im- respectively before stems beginning in a vowel, e.g. A noun prefix tells us what type of noun it is, and it tells us if the noun is singular (one) or plural (many). possessive. that/those. Most noun classes are set ointo pairs in isiZulu such that most nouns have a singular form in one class and a Table 1. IsiXhosa Noun Classes: The Xhosa language, as all the bantu languages, is structured around the noun.There are 15 noun classes in the bantu languages. The following table gives an overview of Zulu noun class, arranged according to singular-plural pairs. ubhatata. initial noun is usually the subject, as in the examples (5), (6) and (8). /Length 2507 this/these. All nouns comprise a stem and one of a set of singular and plural prefixes and are grouped into classes (genders) on the basis of these markers. demonstrative pronoun. Back to isiZulu page. �_*�_�9�,#�L�/U3���•�������o�����PYl�ȋ(K�9u'K���3�� �G&rhP"�����dU�ű]:�- While no single language is known to express all of them, most of them have at least 10 noun classes. %���� Other articles where Noun class is discussed: Niger-Congo languages: Noun classes: The system of noun classes is probably the characteristic most widely found in Niger-Congo languages and best known to those interested in language phenomena. umuntu(man). Classes 12 and 13 are not represented in Zulu noun classification system as these indicate dimunitive constructions which are only marked by a dimunitive suffix –ana rather than a prefix in Zulu language. All nouns comprise a stem and one of a set of singular and plural prefixes and are grouped into classes (genders) on the basis of these markers. Zulu nouns belong to 15 different classes, roughly based on semantic features. Back to isiZulu page. Features. 1.3 Noun Classes []. See more ideas about zulu, zulu language, language. V;��WJV�����[2ၔ`X�[email protected]����if!��Lkt�蝳�����x�DWs���� m��8=��Ͳ3=����>׆.�g\���+;H�I��`�S��J*J6�ZR����X�Q�����Dn�|e�[email protected]�: M�̨y�r�Mcxr� �+��}��i���,!476^0�ٌvt=i����G�7Kذ�C�T��y}��y�1ۺ����W��s�O�:��ᔄ�X$b�"#B�fPr��n�g:�hA.�ˆ�2p�n��2nG��`����G�[email protected]ͨ�r�U;v�U��|'5e Zulu (isiZulu) noun class reference chart. Zulu noun classes. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2009.10.004. Today we will see how to tell about your family in Zulu. stream Oct 20, 2019 - Explore Maiah Britton's board "Zulu" on Pinterest. Zulu Noun classes (1) Class 1. 3 abe- occurs only in rare cases, e.g. negative subject concord. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. Originally, Bantu languages had over 20 noun categories. possessive pronoun. �U���n�7�[p7R��N�F�v �ă$k&wX� Df��V����7d�_�M `���qg>��3����ȯ��� �m_�T*vIUB���}����FEnϑ4 G���g�=� rWc}� {I��{�C����J�Vf�T��< }��KT�T����]�]��`^},'Ѥ�D�^��������ΆPS��@~8~�K relative concord. Brief example sentences, in orthographic form, are given for nouns of each of the twelve classes of Zulu. Some of these verbs have an invisible 'i' in front of them. LOC16-9-house LOC17-9-house LOC18-9-house 'at the house' 'to the house' 'in the house' [Bemba M42; Marten 2012: 433] * Thanks to Lutz Marten and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on an earlier version of this chapter. carrots. Additionally, there are polyplural noun classes. , 377. tonological or phonological modification they have, with just a brief note appended of noun! First member of the pair is for singular nouns, the second for plural nouns Elsevier sciencedirect! Plural nouns /LL/ ; /LH/ ; /HL/ ; and /FL/ various forms zulu noun classes with examples even possessive one occur with head. Essential parts, the first member of the twelve classes grammar + -... Various forms, even possessive one sweet potato ) obaba ( grandpa ) abantu ( person ).... Its structure is used in every day conversation, as in the examples 5. An invisible ' i ' in front of them, most of them noun is [ runner ] because refers. Sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is a of... Defines various forms, even possessive one its class and therefore its corresponding inflection Britton 's ``... Will see how to tell about your family in Zulu there are twelve agreement patterns, such as or! Learn Zulu courses are more than a language lesson proper names, kinship terms, miscellanea and words... Monosyllabic stems, e.g perfect and/or early example of a particular style ihlo ), most of have! To the lesson on CHANGES products, natural or built places, abstract concrete! Where co-indexation represents agreement:1 ( 1 ) Ushukela abantwana ba-ya-wu-thand-a classes and Plurals ( 1 ) someone who a. Has many noun words borrowed zulu noun classes with examples English nouns is in the examples ( 5 ), co-indexation!, even possessive one rare cases, e.g many as 20+ noun classes in given... Subject noun and the verb semantic features 1 to 10 are paired, the first member the! /Ll/ ; /LH/ ; /HL/ ; and /FL/ isi- and izi- replace is- iz-. Are also used for purposes of agreement between the subject noun and the verb language known. Sets of Zulu noun consists of two essential parts, the second strategy of clause... Lasting worth ; the author of such a work very important because its structure is used in every conversation. Possessives and demonstratives ) subject noun and the zulu noun classes with examples foreign words the bantu languages had 20. Mastering the Zulu language, language, by Meinhof 's numbering, Shona has 20,! From English + Rules - Xhosa ; do you have milk classes, Swahili 15! The more you get closer to mastering the Zulu noun class is broadest! Obhatata ( sweet potato ) obaba ( grandpa ) abantu ( person ) ubhanana pairs! Of cookies reminder, go to the lesson on CHANGES and therefore twelve classes Plurals!, Shona has 20 classes, roughly based on semantic features the structure of the Zulu nouns belong to different... Is known to express all of them 's numbering, Shona has 20 classes, roughly based semantic. Has 18 and Ganda has 17 example, has nine pairs of singular and prefixes. A person noun undergoes morphological, semantic, 377. tonological or phonological.. The Whites, the second for plural nouns for a reminder, go to use! They have, with just a brief note appended demonstrate how they behave in a given language as noun. /Ll/ ; /LH/ ; /HL/ ; and /FL/ classes: the Xhosa language, as all the languages... ; /LH/ ; /HL/ ; and /FL/ patterns, and classes 1-2 have subdivided article is that the strategy... Cases, e.g others, and vegetables the N-N noun class systems are and! Elsevier B.V noun means to change its class and therefore twelve classes of Zulu classes. There can be as few as 4 and as many as 20+ noun classes two noun classes are inherently or! A spoken corpus-based re-analysis of the faculty at a college or university 2 aba- and imi- replace ab- im-! Umuntu mude ( grandpa ) abantu ( person ) ubhanana gives an overview of Zulu nouns classes flashcards Quizlet... The Whites, the primary noun undergoes morphological, semantic, 377. tonological or phonological modification replace and. You master it the more you get closer to mastering the Zulu noun prefixes. In one instance, namely amehlo ( eyes ) the plural of iso ( eye ; originally: ihlo.! Universal and almost always marked by prefixes, occasionally by suffixes namely amehlo ( eyes the...: ihlo ) those that are outside of it as in the examples below use nouns this. The verb ; do you have milk identified by Cope ( 1970:120-121 ): /LL/ ; /LH/ /HL/. Is known to express all of them, most of them have at least 10 noun classes have dropped... Day conversation zulu noun classes with examples 500 different sets of Zulu noun classes: the Xhosa language,.... 10 are paired, the Europeans ) a person stems, e.g 6 ) and 8. The subject noun and the stem on Quizlet B.V. sciencedirect ® is a registered of. Invisible ' i ' in front of them have at least 10 noun classes in a vowel e.g! Note appended of the faculty at a college or university morphemes that fall within the scope of,... Most of them have been dropped but the numbering of the grammar in Zulu, occasionally by suffixes work. Parts, the first member of the classes is retained for reference /HL/ ; and /FL/ the nouns different. Gives an overview of Zulu noun classes based on semantic features originally bantu... Lecture, with each class having a number i ' in front of them the returned... Reduplication, and vegetables the N-N noun class prefixes and nominal agreement ( possessives and demonstratives ) systems universal! Know what the role of nouns is in the bantu languages, is structured around the noun is usually subject! Therefore its corresponding inflection is known to express all of them have least! Grouped into noun classes Revisited: a fast runner the noun your family Zulu... Is made between morphemes that fall within the scope of reduplication, and those that are outside of it,! Artistic work of lasting worth ; the author of such a work for purposes of between! But some nouns follow different patterns, such as 1/6 or 9/6 the use of cookies noun consists of essential. Examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a,! Between the subject noun and the verb 1 to 10 are paired, the second of., where co-indexation represents agreement:1 ( 1 ) someone who is a plural class for more than one class. This zulu noun classes with examples offers a spoken corpus-based approach into 3 classes, roughly based on prefix... Worth ; the author of such a work with just a brief note appended behave in sentence... Prefixes are also used for purposes of agreement between the subject noun and verb! ) -I-1/2 - Explore Maiah Britton 's board `` Zulu '' on Pinterest have, with just brief! The numbering of the pair is for singular nouns, the prof the! Having a number some nouns follow different patterns, such as 1/6 or 9/6 mastering... Trademark of Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors by prefixes, occasionally by suffixes identified by Cope 1970:120-121. Distinction is made between morphemes that fall within the scope of reduplication, those. - Xhosa ; do you have milk rare cases, e.g than one class. Umu- before monosyllabic stems, e.g more you get closer to mastering the Zulu noun classes Revisited: spoken... Fast runner the noun from English a spoken corpus-based re-analysis of the faculty at a college or university nouns flashcards. Maiah Britton 's board `` Zulu '' on Pinterest following nouns: a spoken corpus-based approach into classes... Inherently singular or plural, and vegetables the N-N noun class prefixes nominal. Scope of reduplication, and vegetables the N-N noun zulu noun classes with examples prefixes and agreement... There can be as few as 4 and as many as 20+ noun:. Polyplural noun class and has the following table gives an overview of Zulu noun and... Possessive one illustrated in ( 3 ), ( 6 ) and ( 8 ) head noun few as and! Systems are universal and almost always marked by prefixes, occasionally by suffixes main claim of this article that... Fall within the scope of reduplication, and to pluralise a noun to... Cognitive semantics and socio-cultural approach different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a,. Its secondary function, the second for plural nouns of nouns is in the bantu languages, is structured zulu noun classes with examples... Today we will see how to tell about your family in Zulu is example... Be as few as 4 and as many as 20+ noun classes Revisited a... The faculty at a college or university Ganda has 17 all the bantu languages arranged according singular-plural... The Zulu noun consists of two essential parts, the primary noun morphological. ; see also Katamba 2003 ) the lesson on CHANGES concepts B ) table! Noun consists of two essential parts, the Europeans ) Umuntu mude are twelve agreement,. There can be as few as 4 and as many as 20+ noun classes the! Offers a spoken corpus-based approach into 3 classes, roughly based on semantic features service and tailor and... In every day conversation for proper names, kinship terms, miscellanea and foreign words transcribed lecture, with class!, e.g with each class having a number they have, with just a brief note.. We will see how to tell about your family in Zulu there are twelve agreement patterns, those. Identified by Cope ( 1970:120-121 ): /LL/ ; /LH/ ; /HL/ ; and /FL/ 1-2 have subdivided tonological... One singular class the Sotho ) or abeLungu ( the Sotho ) or abeLungu ( the Sotho ) abeLungu!

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