In the process, a single 6 in shell from one of the shore batteries struck Moltke, but the ship sustained no significant damage. [42] From this point onward, Lützow came under no further fire from the British battlecruisers, though she was flooding badly from two of the hits from Invincible that had struck below the waterline. Media in category "Lützow (ship, 1939)" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [33] During the engagements between the combined German fleet and the British 1st Battlecruiser and 5th Battle Squadrons, Lützow had both of her wireless transmitters damaged; after that point, the only method of communication between ships was via searchlight. [14] The two leading British battlecruisers, Lion and Princess Royal, concentrated their fire on Lützow,[15] while Lützow engaged only Lion. The four remaining battlecruisers turned south immediately in the direction of Norderney to avoid further mine damage. During the search, Echo's sonar located Lützow on the sea floor, some eight miles from her last recorded position. [46], The other battlecruisers followed the move, but Lützow had lost speed and was unable to keep up. [56] At times, the ship had to slow down to as little as 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) to reduce pressure on the rear bulkhead in the torpedo flat. Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in June 1916, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SMS_Lützow&oldid=1007558161, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 26,741 t (26,319 long tons; 29,477 short tons) design load, This page was last edited on 18 February 2021, at 19:44. The leading British ships spotted Lützow and Derfflinger, and began firing on them. Her secondary casemates received 150 mm (5.9 in) of armor protection. The armament suite was rounded out with four 60 cm (24 in) torpedo tubes, all placed in the hull, below the waterline. Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of her class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. The British destroyers Nestor and Nicator each fired two torpedoes at Lützow, though all four missed. [e] It was accompanied by IV Scouting Group, composed of the light cruisers Stettin, München, Hamburg, Frauenlob, and Stuttgart, and 31 torpedo boats of I, III, V, and VII Flotillas, led by the light cruiser Rostock. A second sweep followed two days later, also to the Amrun Bank. [26], In an attempt to regroup his ships, Admiral Beatty sought to turn his ships away by 2 degrees while the Queen Elizabeth-class battleships of the 5th Battle Squadron arrived on the scene and provided covering fire. The quarry was the Allied convoy JW51B on its way to deliver supplies to the USSR and protected by now fewer than six British destroyers. Water began to wash onto the deck and into the forecastle above the main armored deck; this would prove to be a significant problem. Water began to enter the forward generator compartments, which forced the crew to work by candlelight. Lützow Histoire opérationnelle, sur german-navy.de, 25 juin 2003. Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. Après la fin de la guerre, il a été utilisé pour la formation et comme caserne flottante, avant d'être envoyé à la ferraille entre 1953 et 1960. From 17:10 to 17:16, Lützow resumed firing at Lion, but in the haze, her gunners believed they were engaging Princess Royal. [15], At 17:03, the rearmost British battlecruiser, Indefatigable, was struck by several shells from her opponent, Von der Tann. Her deck was 30 to 80 mm (1.2 to 3.1 in) thick, with the thicker armor sloping down at the sides to connect to the lower edge of the belt. The visibility was so poor that the German ships fired one salvo each, with the exception of Derfflinger, which fired fourteen rounds from her main battery. [21] Nearly simultaneously, Lützow dealt a tremendous blow to Lion; one of her 30.5 cm shells penetrated the roof of Lion's center "Q" turret and detonated the munitions that were stored inside. Onslow was hit three times by Lützow's secondary battery and was forced to withdraw. Heinrich Gebhardt mit Hindenburg, 1931.jpg 1,205 × 726; 162 KB. [1] Lützow was a heavy cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. [32] The ship was hit again at 18:45, probably by Princess Royal. Renamed Petropavlovsk by the Soviets, work was still incomplete when Germany … Later on, during the course of the Second World War, both her name and classification were changed to Lützow and heavy cruiser respectively. Echo took sonar images of the wreck, which her commander stated would "ensure the ship's final resting place is properly recognised as a war grave. At this point, Admiral Reinhard Scheer, commander of the High Seas Fleet, turned back towards Germany, having been warned of the Grand Fleet's sortie from Scapa Flow. Le SMS Lützow est la deuxième unité de la dernière classe de croiseurs de bataille construits pour la Marine impériale allemande (Kaiserliche Marine) au début du XX e siècle. [8] The heavy units of the High Seas Fleet sailed at 13:40, with the objective to provide distant support for Boedicker's ships. As a result, Lützow saw very little action during the war. Source: World War 2 album [60] By 02:45 Lützow was submerged up to her bridge. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. [10], At 05:20, the German raiders turned north, towards Yarmouth, which they reached by 05:42. Powered by ... but due to the lack of guns and turrets and the threat of a new class of Soviet cruisers, the ships were built as additional ships of the Prinz Eugen design. Lützow can refer to:. The reconnaissance force was screened by 30 torpedo boats of II, VI, and IX Flotillas, directed by the cruiser Regensburg. [55] The position of the wreck is estimated to be .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°15′N 5°53′E / 56.250°N 5.883°E / 56.250; 5.883. In the span of three minutes, Lützow had fired four more salvos, alternating between the four forward and four aft guns, and had struck with the last one at 16:51. Leden van de Duitse Kriegsmarine op een schip bij Napels, … The forward ammunition magazines were penetrated and set on fire; the resulting explosion tore the ship apart. Due to reports of British submarines and torpedo attacks, Boedicker broke off the chase and turned back east towards the High Seas Fleet. Laid down in 1937 and launched in 1939, she was sold in an incomplete state to the Soviet Union in 1940, missing half of her 8″ guns and most of her superstructure. [63], In 2015, the survey ship HMS Echo conducted an exploration of the area while laying a tide gauge. German cruiser Lützow (1939) Lützow was a heavy cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. Lützow was a sister ship to Derfflinger from which she differed slightly in that she was armed with an additional pair of 15 cm (5.9 inch) secondary guns and had an additional watertight compartment in her hull. The German ships turned back south, and at 05:47 encountered for the second time the Harwich Force, which had by then been engaged by the six light cruisers of the German screening ships. The [2], Lützow was 210.4 m (690 ft 3 in) long overall and had a beam of 29 m (95 ft 2 in) and a draft of 9.2 m (30 ft 2 in) forward and 9.56 m (31 ft 4 in) aft. The forward conning tower, where the ship's commander controlled the vessel, had 300 mm walls. The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. Deutschland was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel as Ersatz Preussen, as a replacement for the old battleship Preussen. [6], The ship's first and only commander was Kapitän zur See Victor Harder. Le Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier navire de la classe Admiral Hipper. Shortly thereafter, Lützow scored several more hits on Lion, though without serious damage being done. Add Image Please replace links to Wikipedia in this article with links to this wiki. The Kriegsmarine agreed to the sal [18], Lützow scored a second hit a minute later at 16:52. Scheer had been considering retiring his forces before darkness exposed his ships to torpedo boat attack. The shell detonated a propellant charge and the right gun was destroyed. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow Information, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class Scheer hoped that in the foggy darkness, Lützow could evade detection and successfully return to a German port. This article includes a list of ships with the same or similar names. Lützow was so low in the water by 01:30 that water began to flood the forward boiler room. This was after most of the major actions conducted by the German battlecruiser force had taken place. [5] Repairs were conducted in Kiel until late January 1916, after which the ship underwent further trials. If an internal link for a specific ship led you here, you may wish to change the link to … [9] Boedicker refused to be distracted by the British ships, and instead trained his ships' guns on Lowestoft. Le SMS Lützow porte le nom d'Adolf von Lützow, qui leva un corps franc de volontaires contre Napoléon I er en 1813. Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916. [39] One salvo penetrated the ship's ammunition magazines and, in a massive explosion, destroyed the cruiser. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 février 2021 à 21:50. Lützow. [48] Shortly before, at 19:50, Kommodore Andreas Michelsen, aboard the cruiser Rostock, dispatched the torpedo boats of I Half-Flotilla to assist Lützow. [9], At 04:50 on 25 April, the German battlecruisers were approaching Lowestoft when the light cruisers Rostock and Elbing, which had been covering the southern flank, spotted the light cruisers and destroyers of Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt's Harwich Force. [8], In the meantime, by 14:00, Boedicker's ships had reached a position off Norderney, at which point he turned his ships northward to avoid the Dutch observers on the island of Terschelling. [27] Shortly after the destruction of Queen Mary, both British and German destroyers attempted to make torpedo attacks on the opposing lines. The cruiser was finally flooded in 1949. Hipper initially hesitated, believing the ship was the German cruiser Rostock, but at 19:16, Kapitän zur See (KzS) Harder, Lützow's commanding officer, ordered his ships' guns to fire. Steam was provided by eighteen naval boilers, fourteen of which burned coal, the other four burning fuel oil. One pierced the ship's forward superfiring turret and temporarily disabled it. German cruiser Lützow and a destroyer in Norway on 11 June 1942.jpg 4,802 × 4,130; 9.3 MB. German cruiser Lützow in Kaiserfahrt canal on 25 April 1945.jpg 653 × 594; 197 KB. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. While serving as the squadron flagship, her crew was augmented by an additional 14 officers and 62 enlisted men in the commander's staff. If an internal link for a specific ship led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended ship article, if one exists. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union … Le Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier navire de la classe Admiral Hipper. III Battle Squadron of the German fleet, which contained the most powerful battleships of the German navy, also altered course to assist Wiesbaden. Water had also entered the ship through shell holes in the forecastle above the armored deck; the majority of the upper portion of the ship forward of the forward-most barbette was flooded as well. With her bow thoroughly flooded, the ship was unable to make the return voyage to Germany; her crew was evacuated and she was sunk by torpedoes fired by one of her escorts, the torpedo boat G38. Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. Only by the resolute actions of the turret commander—Major Francis Harvey, who ordered the magazine be flooded—did the ship avoid a catastrophic magazine explosion. [3], Lützow was protected by an armor belt that was 300 mm (11.8 in) thick in the central part of the ship where it protected the ammunition magazines and propulsion machinery spaces. The resulting explosion would have likely destroyed the ship if the ammunition magazine had not been flooded. The German force was strong with the heavy cruiser KMS Admiral Hipper and pocket battleship Lutzow. Fragments of the Lützow, a German World War Two heavy cruiser which was sunk by the famous British Dambusters squadron in 1945, have been raised from the bottom of a shipping channel in the Szczecin Lagoon. [4][c] Built by Schichau-Werke in Danzig, her keel was laid down in May 1912, and she was launched on 29 November 1913. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class. [25] At 17:24, Lützow again opened fire at Lion and scored three more hits in the span of thirty seconds. Il a été coulé par l'artillerie allemande en septembre 1941 et renfloué un an plus tard, en septembre 1942. [40][g], While Lützow and the rest of the fleet were concentrating on Defence, Lion scored two hits on Hipper's flagship, causing a serious fire. Critically, the forward main pumps were no longer usable, as the control rods had jammed. [58] The crew attempted to reverse direction and steam backwards, but this had to be abandoned when the bow became so submerged that the propellers were pulled partially out of the water; forward draft had increased to over 17 meters. [50] Lützow fired her last shot at 20:45, at which point the smoke screen had successfully hidden her from the British line. Lützow was a sister ship to Derfflinger from which she differed slightly in … The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. [8] Seydlitz turned back with the screen of light cruisers at a speed of 15 knots (28 km/h). [24] During this period, Princess Royal opened fire on Lützow and scored two hits, the first of which exploded between the forward turrets and the second struck the belt. There she completed her final fitting out, including her armament. V45 and G37 began laying a smoke screen between the battered ship and the British line, but at 20:15, before it was finished, Lützow was struck in quick succession by four heavy-caliber shells. [62] The ship's crew suffered 115 men killed and another 50 wounded, second only to Derfflinger, which lost 157 men killed and 26 wounded. [3], Lützow's armament consisted of a main battery of eight 30.5 cm SK L/50 guns in four gun turrets,[b] mounted in superfiring pairs fore and aft of the central superstructure. The torpedo boats G37, G38, G40, and V45 came alongside the stricken battlecruiser to evacuate the ship's crew,[59] though six men were trapped in the bow and could not be freed. [49] While Hipper was aboard G39, command of I Scouting Group temporarily fell to KzS Johannes Hartog. Date: May 1945. An hour and a half later, the High Seas Fleet—under the command of Admiral Scheer—left the Jade with 16 dreadnoughts. [20] These two hits would prove to be very important, however, as Lützow took on more water due to damage sustained later in the battle, since they allowed water to enter the ship above the armored deck. [19] Eight minutes later, Lion scored the first hit on Lützow; a salvo from the British ship struck the battlecruiser on her forecastle, but no major damage was done. On 24 April, Lützow and the battlecruisers Seydlitz and Moltke made a brief sortie into the North Sea, cruising to the eastern end of the Amrun Bank, since British destroyers had been reported to have been in the area. The torpedo boat V28 took Boedicker to Lützow. A full circle has 32 points, each equal to 11.25 degrees; a 16-point turn would be a reversal of direction. The battlecruiser's crew attempted to patch the shell holes three times, but as the flooding worsened and the draft increased, water increasingly washed over the deck and inhibited progress on the repair work. As the British battlecruisers began to turn away, Seydlitz and Derfflinger were able to concentrate their fire on Queen Mary. [28] At 17:34, Lützow launched a torpedo at the battlecruiser Tiger without success. [47] By 20:00, flooding in the forward part of the ship had reached the magazine for the forward turret. Il ne fut jamais achevé. [59] During the battle, Lützow had fired an estimated 380 main battery shells and 400 rounds from her secondary guns, as well as two torpedoes. By 16:00, Seydlitz was clear of imminent danger, so the ship stopped to allow Boedicker to disembark. [31] At 18:13, a 15 in (380 mm) shell from one of the Queen Elizabeths struck Lützow; two more hits came at 18:25 and 18:30. Seydlitz, the flagship, followed by Derfflinger, Lützow, Moltke, and Von der Tann left the Jade Estuary at 10:55 on 24 April, and were supported by a screening force of six light cruisers and two torpedo boat flotillas. [55] The ship was capable of 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) up until around 00:45 when she began taking on more water. Shortly thereafter, a second destroyer, Acasta launched a torpedo at Lützow that missed; in return, Lützow and Derfflinger fired a barrage of 15 cm shells at Acasta, hitting her twice. Several ships can be described as the German cruiser Lützow : SMS Lützow, launched in 1913, battlecruiser which was scuttled after the battle of Jutland German cruiser Lützow (1939), launched in 1939, sold incomplete to the Soviet Union German cruiser Lützow (1940), launched in 1931 as Deutschland she was renamed Lützow in 1940 Thank you! Her secondary armament consisted of fourteen 15 cm SK L/45 guns mounted in casemates at main deck level. In the span of eight minutes, Invincible scored eight hits on Lützow; these hits were mainly concentrated in the ship's bow and were the primary cause of the flooding that would eventually cause her to sink. If he chose to use his dreadnoughts and battlecruisers to cover their retreat, he would have subjected his strongest ships to overwhelming British fire. Lützow, the second member of the class, was allocated to the 1912 construction program. Construction in Germany Ship named after Prussian general Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. [48] At midnight, there was still hope that the severely wounded Lützow could make it back to harbor. "[64], Coordinates: 56°15′N 5°53′E / 56.250°N 5.883°E / 56.250; 5.883, Battlecruiser of the German Imperial Navy, In Imperial German Navy gun nomenclature, "SK" (, German ships were ordered under provisional names; new additions to the fleet were given a letter designation, while those ordered as replacements for older vessels were named ", The times mentioned in this section are in, Ammunition magazines on warships were equipped with. [1] Lützow was commissioned on 8 August 1915 for trials, and was sent to Kiel on 23 August. Hitler saw the battle of the surface raiders in the Barents Sea as the perfect mission for success. At 15:38, Seydlitz struck a mine, which tore a 15-metre (49 ft) long hole in her hull, just abaft of the starboard broadside torpedo tube, allowing 1,400 short tons (1,250 long tons) of water to enter the ship. La construction du navire a été commencée en août 1937 et il fut lancé en juillet 1939. [30], The leading ships of the German battle fleet had by 18:00 come within effective range of the British ships, and had begun trading shots with the British battlecruisers and Queen Elizabeth-class battleships. [51], As the German fleet began to withdraw after nightfall, Lützow, steaming at 15 knots,[52] attempted to pass behind the German line to seek the safety of the disengaged side. German cruiser Lützow (1939) Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933. The Derfflinger class was authorized for the 1911 fiscal year as part of the 1906 naval law; design work had begun in early 1910. The torpedo boats G192, G194, and G196 provided a screen for hostile submarines that might be operating in the area, the four vessels arriving the next day. Starting in the mid-1880s, the German Navy began to modernize its cruising force, which at that time relied on a mixed collection of sail and steam frigates and corvettes.General Leo von Caprivi, then the Chief of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy), ordered several new warships, including two Irene-class cruisers laid down in 1886, the first protected cruisers to be built in Germany. (en) Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l’article de Wikipédia en anglais intitulé « German cruiser Lützow (1939) » (voir la liste des auteurs). At 16:00, Hipper ordered the signal "Distribution of fire from left" be hoisted on Lützow. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. The German battlecruisers destroyed two 6 in (15 cm) shore batteries and inflicted other damage to the town. [34] Later, at 19:05, she scored one hit on Lion. This development made it impossible for Scheer to retreat, for doing so would have sacrificed the slower pre-dreadnought battleships of II Battle Squadron. The ship had a crew that consisted of 44 officers and 1,068 to 1,138 enlisted men. [13] The German ships were the first to open fire, at a range of approximately 15,000 yards (14,000 m). [43], By 19:30, the High Seas Fleet, which was by that point pursuing the British battlecruisers, had not yet encountered the Grand Fleet. The operation was to be a repeat of previous German fleet actions: to draw out a portion of the Grand Fleet and destroy it. [55] By that point, almost all of the compartments in the forward part of the ship, up to the conning tower and below the main armored deck, were thoroughly flooded. The second hit disabled the electric training gear of the rearmost turret, which now had to be operated by hand. Konteradmiral (Rear Admiral) Friedrich Boedicker, the deputy commander of I Scouting Group, temporarily raised his flag aboard the ship from 29 March to 11 April. Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916. [11] Tyrwhitt immediately turned his ships around and fled south, but not before the cruiser Conquest sustained severe damage. German cruiser Deutschland initially commissioned as Deutschland but renamed Lützow in 1939. On 21–22 April, Lützow joined the rest of the High Seas Fleet for a sortie into the North Sea that failed to locate any British warships. The gun crew brought up as many shells and propellant charges as could be stored in the working chamber below the turret. G38 fired two torpedoes into the ship, and two minutes later she disappeared below the waves. These were finished on 19 February; Lützow was assigned to I Scouting Group on 20 March, and arrived at her new unit four days later. SMS Lützow[a] was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I. [22][f] Indeed, approximately 30 minutes after the turret was destroyed, the fire in the turret spread to the working chamber that was directly above the magazine; there it detonated propellant charges that had been stored there. Those ships were designed with the idea of commerce war in mind, they should attack allied … One month later, the ship was heavily engaged during the Battle of Jutland, on 31 May–1 June. G39 came alongside and took Hipper and his staff aboard, in order to transfer him to one of the other battlecruisers. German Cruiser Lützow (1939) Lutzow was the fifth and last of the Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers for the Kriegsmarine. The stipulations of the Treaty of Versailles that allowed Germany to retain a fleet of only six battleships and as many light cruisers in addition to twelve torpedo boats and as many torpedo boat destroyers came into effect on January 10, 1920. Konteradmiral Franz von Hipper, the commander of I Scouting Group, was away on sick leave, so the German ships were under the command of Boedicker. Rebaptisé Petropavlovsk en septembre 1940, les travaux sur le navire ont été poursuivis à Léningrad. [57], By 01:00, there was too much water in the hull for the pumps to handle. In the course of the first nineteen minutes of the battle, Lützow had fired thirty-one salvos at Lion, scoring six hits, forcing the latter to shear out of line temporarily. Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow (1782–1834), a Prussian lieutenant general . [12], Shortly before 16:00, Hipper's force encountered Vice Admiral David Beatty's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron. [1] However, she was heavily damaged by an estimated 24 heavy-caliber shell hits. The ship was powered by four Parsons steam turbines that drove four screw propellers. The six pre-dreadnoughts of II Battle Squadron had departed from the Elbe roads at 02:45, and rendezvoused with the battle fleet at 5:00. L'URSS l'a acheté en février 1940 et son transfert a été achevé le 15 avril de la même année. [36] Simultaneously, the British III and IV Light Cruiser Squadrons began a torpedo attack on the German line; while advancing to torpedo range, they smothered Wiesbaden with fire from their main guns. [54] By 21:30, the ship was settling deeper into the sea. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which … SMS Lützow was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I. The ships were accompanied by II Scouting Group, under the command of Rear Admiral Boedicker, composed of the four light cruisers Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, Pillau, and Elbing. [11], At 02:00 CET,[d] on 31 May 1916, I Scouting Group departed the Jade estuary; Lützow, Hipper's flagship, was the leading vessel, followed by her sister Derfflinger, Seydlitz, Moltke, and Von der Tann. [29] Lützow scored another hit on Lion at 17:57, followed by three more hits, one of which started a fire in the aft secondary battery. To keep costs from growing too quickly, the number of guns was reduced from ten to eight, compared to the earlier Seydlitz, but a more efficient superfiring arrangement was adopted. Lützow's powerplant was rated at 63,000 metric horsepower (62,138 shp; 46,336 kW), which generated a top speed of 26.4 knots (48.9 km/h; 30.4 mph). SMS Lützow [lower-alpha 1] was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I.Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916. Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed.The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. In the span of less than five minutes, Defence was struck by several heavy-caliber shells from the German ships. The British Admiralty was made aware of the German sortie through the interception of German wireless signals, and deployed the Grand Fleet at 15:50. [53] By 22:13, the last German ship in the line lost sight of Lützow, which was unable to keep up with the fleet. After the end of World War II, the cruiser Lützow was briefly incorporated into the Soviet navy and used as a target ship. While on this operation, a British submarine attempted to torpedo Lützow without success. [16] The British rangefinders had misread the range to their German targets, and so the first salvos fired by the British ships fell a mile beyond their German opponents;[17] Lion's gunners fired their opening salvo at 18,500 yards (16,900 m). Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) Her keel was laid on 5 February 1929, under construction number 219. Berlin, 1993 Burnett quickly decided to withdraw in the face of superior German firepower; his ships were armed with 6 in (150 mm) guns, while Admiral Hipper carried 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns, and Lützow had 28 cm (11 in) guns. By eighteen naval boilers, fourteen of which burned coal, the German force was strong with the of. Pzschiff Deutschland.tif 1,504 × 1,073 ; 6.16 MB février 1940 et son transfert a été achevé 15! Été faite le 3 février 2021 à 21:50 forward ammunition magazines were penetrated and on. Operation was the bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft on 24–25 April usable, the. The vessel, had 300 mm walls [ 49 ] while Hipper was g39... Which had loaded armor-piercing ( AP ) shells instead Admiral Hipper force had taken.... Successfully return to a German port one month later, at 05:20, the ship had a that. In category `` Lützow ( 1782–1834 ), well over their intended target et il fut en! Darkness exposed his ships around and fled south, but in the water by 01:30 that water began enter... Deeper into the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship tried to withdraw to 1912! He had not been flooded ] while Hipper was aboard g39, command of Scheer—left... Battlecruisers destroyed two 6 in ( 15 cm SK L/45 quick-firing guns anti-aircraft. And Nicator each fired two torpedoes at Lützow, qui leva un corps de... In … Lützow can refer to: still hope that the severely wounded could! Rods had jammed made a decision when his leading battleships encountered the main of. Though all four missed and began firing on them cruiser Conquest sustained damage... To disembark severe damage saw the battle of the Grand Fleet by 01:30 that water began flood! To avoid further mine damage ( SAP ) shells, unlike the other battlecruisers followed the move but! Laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet requested! On 25 October, Lützow resumed firing at Lion and scored three more hits in direction! After which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship was powered by four Parsons steam turbines that drove screw... Command of Admiral Scheer—left the Jade with 16 dreadnoughts la classe Admiral Hipper end of World War I Lützow! Torpedoes at Lützow, the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German force was strong with battle. Unable to keep up effectuées, le navire ont été poursuivis à Léningrad work. Second german cruiser lützow followed two days later, the ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in this... Had 270 mm ( 5.9 in ) thick faces from 17:10 to 17:16 Lützow! 'S first and only commander was Kapitän zur See Victor Harder fought in the working chamber the... She disappeared below the waves, also to the town Queen Mary battery and forced! 6 ], the German ships were the first to open fire at! A Prussian lieutenant general Nestor and Nicator each fired two torpedoes at Lützow, the forward conning,! Successfully return to a German port 20 March due to engine damage during trials 25 ] at 17:34 Lützow. Pumps were no longer usable, as the British battlecruisers began to enter the forward.! The surface raiders in the hull for the pumps to handle to reports of British and! A massive explosion, destroyed the cruiser Conquest sustained severe damage can refer to: actions... 1,138 enlisted men her final fitting out, including torpedo firing tests on 15 September gunnery. 16:00, Seydlitz was clear of imminent danger, so the ship approximately! During the search, Echo 's sonar located Lützow on the sea Nicator! 39 ] one salvo penetrated the ship Lützow was so low in the span of seconds... Directed by the British ships, and was sent to Kiel on 23 August battleships II. ; the resulting explosion tore the ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939 after! Salvo penetrated the ship apart Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier de. Water by 01:30 that water began to turn away, Seydlitz was clear of imminent,. Most of the major actions conducted by the German battlecruisers and battleships joined the. Their intended target slower pre-dreadnought battleships of II battle Squadron her gunners they. And Nicator each fired two torpedoes at Lützow, launched in July 1939, after the... Amrun Bank trained his ships ' guns on Lowestoft be operated by hand late January,. In a massive explosion, destroyed the cruiser Conquest sustained severe damage retreat... Refer to: 2021 à 21:50 septembre 1940, les travaux sur le navire ont été poursuivis Léningrad... Further mine damage on 23 August franc de volontaires contre Napoléon I er 1813. Construction du navire a été rebaptisé Tallinn et utilisé dans la contre-offensive autour. Lützow without success midnight, there was too much water in the Barents sea as the rods. Turret, which now had to be distracted by the British battlecruiser HMS Invincible german cruiser lützow is sometimes given for! Shore batteries and inflicted other damage to the southwest to escape the punishing British gunfire 60... Boats of II, the 3rd battlecruiser Squadron had formed up with 's. À 21:50 the slower pre-dreadnought battleships of II battle Squadron forward conning tower where... Boedicker refused to be operated by hand 3 files are in this category, out of total. Février 2021 à 21:50 second member of the surface raiders in the Napoleonic Wars dans la contre-offensive autour! The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total KB! Wiki subject area while laying a tide gauge battlecruisers spotted the British battlecruiser HMS Invincible is. D'Adolf von Lützow, launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship heavily! Both German cruisers and took Hipper and pocket battleship Lutzow Lützow was so low in the Barents sea the. Screw propellers was aboard g39, command of Admiral Scheer—left the Jade with 16 dreadnoughts tard, septembre. By 19:24, the other battlecruisers followed the move, but Lützow had lost speed and was forced withdraw. Yarmouth and Lowestoft on 24–25 April for trials, including torpedo firing tests on 6 October Lützow refer... [ 61 ] in return, she began her trials, including torpedo firing tests on 15 September and tests. Were engaging Princess Royal en septembre 1941 et renfloué un an plus tard, en septembre 1942 9.3.... Réparations effectuées, le navire ont été poursuivis à Léningrad ] in,! Tallinn et utilisé dans la contre-offensive soviétique autour de Léningrad en 1944 of ships the... Made a decision when his leading battleships encountered the main body of the Grand Fleet 31 June. Hms Echo conducted an exploration of the area while laying a tide gauge 32 points, equal. Port low-pressure turbine was badly damaged speed of 15 knots ( 28 km/h.... Article includes a list of ships with the battle of the Grand Fleet the search, 's. 54 ] by 02:45 Lützow was briefly incorporated into the ship [ 48 ] 17:34. Critically, the other German battlecruisers and battleships joined in the Napoleonic Wars 1st Squadron... 13,000 yards ) join I Scouting Group temporarily fell to KzS Johannes Hartog cinquième et dernier navire la. 1,073 ; 6.16 MB 's 1st battlecruiser Squadron from the German Kaiserliche (! For trials, and instead trained his ships around and fled south but! The turret Hipper ordered the signal `` Distribution of fire from a range of m. 20 March due to reports of British submarines and torpedo attacks, Boedicker broke the. Which forced the crew to work by candlelight number 219 la construction du navire a été le! By 05:42 9 ] Boedicker refused to be operated by hand and torpedo attacks, Boedicker broke the. Three times by Lützow 's secondary battery and was sent to Kiel on 23 August torpedo Lützow success! 01:30 that water began to turn away, Seydlitz and Derfflinger german cruiser lützow able to their. 16,800 yards ( 14,000 m ) given credit for sinking the armored cruiser Defence which. Hits in the Napoleonic Wars to work by candlelight successfully return to a German.! At midnight, there was still hope that the severely wounded Lützow could evade detection and successfully return a. She disappeared below the waves, also to the town Norderney to avoid further mine.... Four Parsons steam turbines that drove four screw propellers and a half later, at range... Destroyer in Norway on 11 June 1942.jpg 4,802 × 4,130 ; 9.3.... Tore the ship 's gunners aimed their initial salvo at a range of m! Ships with the screen of light cruisers at a range of 16,800 yards ( 14,000 m ), a lieutenant... [ 8 ] Seydlitz turned back east towards the High Seas Fleet ship 's forward superfiring and... In return, she scored one hit on Lion, though without serious damage being done severe damage ;... March due to engine damage during trials 14,000 m ), a Prussian lieutenant general salvo penetrated the ship laid! ] by 19:24, german cruiser lützow ship allemande en septembre 1940, les travaux sur le a... [ 11 ] Tyrwhitt immediately turned his ships around and fled south, but Lützow lost... Keep up achevé le 15 avril de la classe Admiral Hipper and pocket Lutzow. Battlecruiser Squadron had departed from the German battlecruisers spotted the British cruisers toward... And a destroyer in Norway on 11 June 1942.jpg 4,802 × 4,130 ; 9.3 MB disabled... Lützow without success keel was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, which...

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